Mail by Carrier Pigeon


Using Pigeons to Deliver Mail During the 1870 Siege of Paris In 1870, during the Franco-Prussian War, Paris was besieged by Prussian forces and cut off from what remained of unoccupied France. In an effort to maintain communications between the capital and the rest of the country, France established an innovative system of ail delivery that made use of the latest technology of the time. A balloon...

Frederick William I of Prussia


Frederick the Great Frederick the Great, This is what happens when you let an AI artist create the image for this article. Early Life Friedrich Wilhelm was born on 14 August 1688 as the only son of Frederick the First and the witty, philosophically gifted Charlotte of Hanover, only a few months after the death of his grandfather, the Great Elector. Even as a child he had a robust physique, an...

Albrecht von Wallenstein


Wallenstein Wallensteinafter an engraving by Peter de Jode. Albrecht Wenzel Eusebius Baron von Waldstein or Wallenstein (24 September 1583 – 25 February 1634) came from an old Bohemian family, whose name can already be found in the twelfth century. He was born on September 15, 1583 and was born two months prematurely. His parents were Protestants, and he soon lost both of them, his father when he...

Last Stand AT Saragarhi – September 12, 1897


Last Stand at the Battle of Saragarhi 21 Sikh Soldiers of the British Colonial Army Take on 10,000 Attacking Pashtun Rebels The Battle of Saragarhi was fought on 12 September 1897 between Pashtuns of the Afridi and Orakzai and the British Indian Army.  Saragarhi was a communications post in the Samana Mountain Range in British India, now Pakistan.  It was built between the two forts Lockhart (old...

The Christmas Shoe


The Story of an Ancient French Christmas Tradition Christmas Traditions – The Christmas Shoe This account, taken from the original French in a book entitled La Nuit de Noel Dans Tous les Pays (Christmas Eve in All Countries), recounts the charming old Christmas tradition of filling a large shoe (instead of a Christmas stocking) with presents for a child. This traditional French custom...

the amazing life of Godfrey de Bouillon


Godfrey de Bouillon (Boulogne-sur-Mer, Kingdom of France c. 1060 – Jerusalem, Kingdom of Jerusalem July 18, 1100), was a prominent military leader in the First Crusade who ruled Jerusalem after its conquest by the army Crusader under the title of “Defender of the Holy Sepulcher.” He also held the titles of Duke of Bouillon, Margrave of Antwerp and Duke of Lower Lorraine...



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